Latex vs Silicone: A Comprehensive Comparison

When it comes to manufacturing, you’re usually presented with a bevy of options to choose from. Depending on what you’re trying to make, there are at least two different materials that you can consider using at every point. And, this variation definitely has its advantages. 

These days, two materials that get a lot of comparison are silicone and latex. Both materials work for almost the same uses, and they can be interchanged at some points as well. But, which do you choose at the end of the day? 

This article dives into the silicone vs latex debate to see which might be better for you.

Latex vs Silicone: Understanding Both Items

So before we go into the comparisons properly, let’s take a bit to examine both materials and really understand what they are and how they tend to be compared to each other a lot.

The Definition & Characteristics Of Latex

So, what is latex material

Latex is an entirely natural fluid that is found in plants. The material is mostly a product of rubber trees, and it has a unique material composition that gives it a bespoke set of properties as well. 

Some of these materials include: 

  • Rubber Particles: The primary constituent of latex is rubber. These particles are composed of polyisoprene – a polymer that gives latex its primary feel.
  • Water: Another primary constituent of this material is water. As you would imagine, water is what gives the liquid latex its form, and it operates as a solvent for the other particles in the latex material. 
  • Proteins: No, these aren’t the proteins you eat. The proteins in latex usually vary based on their concentration and type, and while they are useful, they are also mostly responsible for those allergic reactions that some people exhibit when they come in contact with the latex material
  • Alkaloids: It is possible to see latex materials that contain just a little bit of alkaloids. Depending on the ones you get, effects tend to vary.
  • Sugars: Fructose, glucose, and several other natural rubbers usually get into latex from the rubber tree itself. Mostly, they help to form an important part of the latex material’s build.
  • Others: There are also enzymes, mineral matter, and other materials that are constituent in the latex build. Their constituency is usually pretty negligible, but they are still present nonetheless. If you’re looking to make a latex mold, then you need to account for those too. 

On its own, latex comes with several unique characteristics that make it perfect for different functions. Some of those include: 

  • Stretchability: When you take the latex material and feel it, one of the first things you notice is that it stretches. Industrial applications can be added to the material to form rubber as well, which is used across different spaces for its elasticity.
  • Ease Of Mixing: You also get a lot of adhesion from moulded latex. The material sticks to different surfaces, and that in itself can be useful as well. 
  • Restricting Water: If you ever need a material that blocks the entry of water, then latex could very well be what you need. 
  • Long-Lasting Ability: Latex products are incredibly durable, and they hold their own against a considerable amount of external force. 
  • Biodegradability: In its natural form, latex breaks down with time. This makes it pretty solid for anyone looking for eco-friendly properties. 
  • Antimicrobial Properties: Some variations of the moulded latex material also have antimicrobial properties. So, it doesn’t pose much of a threat when it comes in contact with human systems. 

What is Silicone and What Makes It Unique?

Silicone is a synthetic polymer that, unlike latex, doesn’t actually occur naturally. While its constituent elements are naturally occurring, silicone is a bit of a man-made item. 

So is silicone the same as latex? Of course, not. To make this material, a few elements need to be combined. Some of those include: 

  • Silicone (Si): The name already says it all – silicon is the primary element that is used to create this material
  • Oxygen (O): Along with silicone, oxygen is needed to create the foundational chain for the material. 
  • Additional Elements: In many cases, you also have extra elements – Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and more. In most cases, these elements form organic groups that are attached to the foundational chain and which help bring about the silicone material. 

With the arrangement of silicon and oxygen – as well as the additional materials – you get a more flexible silicone material that can be shaped across the board to create different variants.

With silicone, you get a healthy mix of properties that make it useful across different functionalities. Some of those include:

  • Heat Resistance: When you apply heat to silicone, you can rest assured that it will hold its own. Regardless of the temperature, the material’s characteristics will remain optimal. 
  • Non-Reactivity With Other Chemicals: In its natural form, silicone exhibits a high level of inertness. As such, the material doesn’t react readily with others. So, for things like oxidation and ozone, silicone doesn’t budge. 
  • An Elastic Body: The material also shows a considerable amount of flexibility. No matter how much you bend it, there’s a significant chance that silicone will go back to its original position without breaking a sweat. 
  • Safe To Use: Today’s manufacturing processes tend to come with a lot of toxic materials. With silicone, this challenge is generally overcome. It is safe for use, and this makes it perfect for applications where contact with humans is necessary. While there are allergy silicone concerns, you can rest assured that these concerns aren’t so considerable. 
  • Keeping Electricity Out: Electrical insulation is one property that really sets silicone out. It resists currents and is able to easily hold its own when voltage is applied.
  • Long-Lasting: Like latex, silicone also lasts quite long. It is durable, and it doesn’t wear or tear so easily. You can count on silicone’s properties to be maintained over time, so if you need to make a product that will be used for a long, you naturally want to consider it. 

Latex vs Silicone: Physical Properties 

Now that we understand the background to the latex vs silicone debate, let’s examine both materials based on their physical properties and what they offer: 

Property  Silicone  Latex 
Elasticity  Excellent  Good 
Heat Resistance  Does very well to resist temperature, regardless of the range Doesn’t do so well against heat and could lose its form at high temperatures 
Material Flexibility  Combines flexibility with tensile strength easily Is quite flexible, although its tensile strength isn’t so great 
Biocompatibility  Overall, it’s very safe for contact with humans  Some people might find that it causes allergic reactions
Electrical Insulation  Excellent  Excellent 
Material Durability  Excellent  Excellent, although not as good as silicone  
Transparency  Flexible enough to be manufactured in different transparency degrees  Not available in many colors 

 

Latex vs Silicone: Material Properties

As you’d imagine, the material properties of the latex vs silicone debate are quite similar to the physical properties. However, there are a few lines of distinction here. So, let’s look into what both materials have to offer overall. 

Property  Silicone  Latex 
Material Composition  Silicone, Oxygen, Carbo, Hydrogen, and others. Water, rubber, proteins, and other compounds
Softness Soft to the touch, with a little rubbery feeling Generally soft, although the formulation also matters 
Chemical Inertness  Very interest and rarely reacts to other elements Moderate. A few chemicals – as well as oxidation – could easily affect it 
Water Repellency  Easily repels water  Good at repelling water, although not as good as silicone

 

Latex vs Silicone: Applications and Use Cases 

The next point on the silicone vs latex debate is to look at what both materials are used for and how they are applied. Their applications are quite similar, and that could have some people asking, “Does silicone have latex?” 

But, there are some lines of distinction. 

Applications Of Latex

  • Making Rubber Products: What can you think of? Rubber bands? Gloves? Anything at all! As long as it has rubber in it, latex can be used to make it.
  • Medical Products: We also see latex being used to make devices like breathing bags, catheters, and more that are used in the healthcare space. 
  • Making Clothes: Fashion houses rely a great deal on latex to make flexible clothes that stretch. Everything from underwear to swimwear and more can be made with the material.
  • Industrial Sealants: For developing adhesives and sealants, we also see latex being used. These sealants help in construction and building, serving different purposes.
  • Consumer Goods Manufacturing: Some of the everyday products we see today are made with latex. From mattresses to shoe components, latex moulds can be used to make a lot of things. 
  • Use In Industries: We see latex being used for casts, latex moulds, and other products that need to be elastic. The material’s ability to resist wear and tear also comes in handy here. 
  • Hygienic Products: We see latex being used to make personal care products like contraceptives and more. The material’s ability to stretch and prevent liquid entry comes in handy here. 
  • Making Sports Goods: Whether it’s caps for swimmers or sportswear, latex also helps in developing sporting goods. 

Industries Where Silicone Shines 

As for silicone, you can see the product being used across several industries and applications – including the following: 

  • Medicine: Thanks to the material’s ability to combine well with the human body system, silicone works perfectly in creating medical implants, prosthetics, and more. 
  • Construction: Just as you have with the silicone latex comparison, this material also helps to create sealants and adhesives that are used in construction. 
  • Consumer Goods: Think about your kitchen and the many tools you use – oven mitts, kitchenware, and much more. Many of them are made with silicone as manufacturers take advantage of the material’s ability to hold heat and temperature differences.
  • Electronics: Anyone looking to make electronics can take advantage of silicone’s ability to insulate against this concept. Its thermal stability also comes into play here.
  • Vehicle Manufacturing: We see silicone being used to make hoses, gaskets, and other components of vehicle functionality. Remember that the material does well to repel water and is generally durable in the long term.
  • Technology: Every technological breakthrough you see today was designed using a mold. And, while the latex mold used to be popular, silicone has kind of become the de facto material for developing them these days. 
  • Machinery: Lubricants that help to keep the functionality of machines are mostly made with silicone material. Their job, as we all know, is to help ensure that these machines work well for as long as possible.

Latex vs Silicone: Which Is More Expensive?

If you’re going to be embarking on a material production campaign, then one thing you want to make sure is that you don’t spend more than you have. There’s the palace for quality regardless of the cost, but it’s completely understandable that you’d want to just look for whichever option works best within your budget. 

So, is silicone latex free? How do you make a decision?

The Source Of The Materials

As we said earlier, the latex material is obtained naturally from trees. Processing it is pretty straightforward, and this means that it won’t cost quite as much as silicone. 

Their Characteristics & Uses 

We already explained the unique properties of both materials and what makes them unique. Considering that silicone generally has more properties than latex, you can understand why it might be a bit more expensive than the latter. 

Is silicone latex? Absolutely not. But, its versatility means that it can pretty much do what latex does. And, that can account for the higher unit price. 

Their Specialized Applications

One of the many factors that set silicone apart from latex is that it is highly biodegradable. As a result, it can be used in a broader sense than latex. And, that also determines its higher cost basis across the board. 

Easy Access To The Materials

Since latex is obtained naturally, you can easily get access to it. This ease of access means that there is greater supply, hence driving its price down. You can have latex for moulds when you feel like it or even get a latex mold kit if you need it.

On the flip side, silicone isn’t necessarily as readily available. It is synthetic, and the intricate process of making it means that you tend to spend more money with it. 

Latex vs Silicone: Which Is Safer?

When making products, the last thing you want to do is develop something that will have significant health hazards. So, when deciding whether to make a silicone elastomer or to get latex for molds, you need to examine what the potential side effects of the materials might be for the users. 

Possible Allergic Reactions

You don’t have much of a risk when it comes to an allergy to silicone. On the other hand, it’s pretty common to see people exhibiting allergies to latex. The material can cause some mild reactions in people with sensitive skin, and this is something to be wary of. 

Safety With Human Systems

Silicone easily reacts well with human systems. This makes it safe for medical applications, and you can even find food-grade silicone that is used in culinary applications. 

The same can be said for latex. But, this only happens if the person hasn’t shown any allergic reactions to the material. 

Concerns With Exposure

Since silicone reacts well with the human body system, you shouldn’t have any issues with exposure. The material is easy on the skin, and it is considered generally safe. 

With latex, the only concern is allergies. As long as a person doesn’t have any concerns about allergies, they will be able to make use of latex and materials that contain it without any issues. 

Latex vs Silicone: Recyclability & Sustainability  

Today’s manufacturing landscape has become incredibly focused on sustainability. And, it’s understandable – it is very important to cater to the needs of the environment, and even manufacturers now need to get on board. 

So, if you’re choosing in the silicone vs latex debate, you want to know which option will be better for the environment in the long run.  Here are a few important points to note overall:

Recyclability

In its natural form, later can easily be recycled. It is already biodegradable, so reusing it shouldn’t be much of an issue. That said, you might find it to be a tad challenging to recycle some latex-based products – gloves, rubber products, etc. This is because many of these materials are made with other constituents. And, if these constituents can’t be recycled, you might have a bit of an issue. 

Moving on, we have silicone, which is usually not so recyclable. As a synthetic polymer, silicone’s material rarely breaks. So, even if you find the ability to recycle it, that ability will be considerably limited. 

Rating Sustainability Metrics

Since latex is obtained from rubber, the material is quite renewable. You can cultivate the trees that produce the material and harvest them in a sustainable manner without doing any real harm to the trees. 

Once again, silicone is quite lagging in this area. The material isn’t obtained from a natural or renewable source, and the process of making it requires a considerable amount of energy. True, the material is strong and will last very long – but, considering the process of making it, silicone just isn’t as sustainable as latex. 

Latex vs Silicone: Which Should You Choose? 

So, we’ve got to the main point – as a manufacturer, which option should you really go for at the end of the day? Is silicone better, or should you go with latex? 

Generally, making a choice here will depend on several factors. You want to first consider what you plan to do with the material, as well as your requirements and how the intended users will be able to do with it. 

To help you make a decision, we came up with some important talking points that need to be considered overall:

Why You Should Choose Latex

  • It’s Flexible: There’s no denying the fact that latex is incredibly flexible. The material is perfect for applications where products need to be stretched, regardless of what they are.
  • Its Environmental Benefits: Compared to silicone, latex is much better for the environment. In its natural and pure form, the material is obtained from a renewable resource and is also biodegradable. As such, sustainability isn’t an issue  here

The Merits Of Silicone

  • Overall Better Properties: From heat resistance to durability and longevity, silicone probably beats latex. The material exhibits a broader and more reliable set of properties, all of which make it the preferred choice if you’re considering functionality. 
  • Better Interactions With Humans: You also need to consider that silicone is biocompatible. As such, there is a lower risk of developing any allergies when you’re working with silicone. 
  • Works With Anything: At this point, there’s almost nothing that you can do with latex that you can’t do with silicone. And with the material being able to handle extreme conditions, silicone definitely ranks high on the functionality chain. 

Important Considerations When Choosing

Now, if the time comes for you to make a choice, it is also important for you to keep a few things in mind. Some of these include: 

  • Have The End Users In Mind: You want to consider the people who will be using the product itself. Will they be allergic? What do they need the most? Discover that, and you’re pretty much good to go.
  • What Are Your Needs?: There is no doubt that your requirements also come into play here. At the end of the day, whatever you’re looking to do will have specific needs. And, you have to be able to cater to those. Depending on the features you need, choose a material that easily caters to those and you should be good to go.  

Alternative Materials To Silicone & Latex

If you’ve looked through this entire catalog and still can’t make a decision, then don’t fret – there’s a significant possibility that you need a different material than latex and silicone. Fortunately for you, there are some options available: 

  • Polyurethane (PU): Also a synthetic rubber, PU could work as a potential substitute for these  materials. You want to check out the differences between silicone and polyurethane, as well as how the material differs from latex. Nevertheless, it is a strong option. 
  • Polyethylene (PE): This option operates as a plastic and it provides the flexibility and resistance to moisture that you need for certain applications. 
  • Nitrile Rubber (NBR): If you don’t want to deal with the allergies that latex brings, then this could be what you need. 
  • Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPE): This is an umbrella name for a broad range of materials that can work as both plastics and rubber. If you need elasticity and strength, then they’re right here for you, 
  • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): PVC works especially for people who need affordable materials. It might not be able to replace silicone and latex in all functions, but it has areas where it shines. 

Conclusion

So there we have it – a definitive guide that explains the lines of distinction between silicone and latex. As long as you can understand these differences, you should be able to make a decision based on what you need.

And, if you need any additional advice, then feel free to reach out to us at Legenday. We will be more than happy to lend a helping hand where needed. 

Scroll to Top