What is a Silicone Resin – Learn about Properties, Benefits and Industrial Applications

There are different types of resins all over the world.

This article, however, will be delving more into silicone resin. You are going to learn about its benefits, properties, chemical structure, its types, and more.

If you have been wondering what makes silicone resins unique, lets delve in.

What is Silicone Resin?

Silicone resin is defined as a synthetic resin type obtained from silicone polymers. These resins come with a 3-dimension network structure.

They have unique properties that makes them highly valuable in various industries for various uses.

 Silicone Resin
Silicone Resin

Benefits of Silicone Resin

Silicone resin will provide you with many benefits. These benefits include:

  • Easy to use
  • Weather resistant
  • High thermal stability
  • Flexible
  • Durable
  • Can form hard films

Silicone Resin Properties

Some properties silicone resins come with include:

· Thermal Stability

Silicone resins do not degrade when they are exposed to high temperatures of up to 250°C. In fact, the melting point of silicone is 1414°C.

· Electrical Insulation

It is important for you to know that silicone resins come with perfect electrical insulation properties.

· Resistant to Weather

Silicone resins resists highly weather, moisture, and UV radiation. This makes them perfect for outdoor uses.

· Repels Water

Due to the hydrophobic properties of silicone resin, they repel water even as they prevent moisture ingress.

· Resists Chemicals

Since they can resist countless chemicals, solvents, and oils, their longevity and durableness even in environments that are harsh are enhanced.

· Flexibility and Adhesion

Silicone resins can easily be formed to come with various levels of adhesion and flexibility. This makes them highly versatile.

· Durable

Silicone resins come with high durability.

· Less Toxic

Generally, silicone resins are known to be non-toxic and inert.

· Non-yellowing

Silicone resins unlike other resins do not become yellow when used over time. Therefore, its performance and appearance are not faulted in any way.

· Hardness

Due to its 3-dimension structure, it easily forms hard films.

Properties of Silicone Resin
Properties of Silicone Resin

Silicone Resin Chemical Structure

Silicone resins are formed mainly by branched and cage-like oligosiloxanes. The main recurring unit in silicone resins is Si-O-Si or siloxane unit.

The basic chemical structure is represented as (R2SiO) (R2SiO) where RR stands for organic groups such as methyl – CH33 and phenyl – C66H55).

Its general formula is RnSiXmOy, with R (non-active substituent) mostly being methyl or phenyl and X (functional group) being hydrogen, chlorine, or alkoxy.

This can be broken into different groups to meet different user needs.

Chemical Structure for Silicone Resin
Chemical Structure for Silicone Resin

Types of Silicone Resins

· Silicone Resign Emulsions

Silicone resin emulsions come with high-performing features. They are versatile and safe to use due to their water based makeup.

· Silicone Resin Solvent-based

These silicone resin type can be easily dissolved in organic solves.

· Solid Silicone Resin

You will find this type of resins in flake or powder forms. They can be dissolved in solvents or in dry uses or even to have liquid products formed.

· Silicone Resin Solutions

Silicone resin solutions can be compared to solvent-based types. However, these are ideally formulated solutions of silicone resins in organic solvents.

· Silicone Resin Pastes

These types of resins come in semi-solid and high viscous forms. Therefore, for applications where thick consistencies are needed, they are ideal.

· Silicone Resin Films

Already formed silicone resin films are used when thin and uniform coatings are required.

· Silicone Resin Powders

Silicone resin powders are resin forms that are perfectly divided into solids. They are similar to but not the same as silicone resin solids.

· Silicone Resin Gels

These come in a gel-like or semi-solid form. They are ideal if you need a material that is highly flexible and softer for your applications.

· Silicone Resin Dispersions

Silicone resin dispersions can be found mostly in suspension forms. These suspensions can contain organic solvents or water.

· Silicone Resin Capsules

These types of silicone resins come in encapsulated forms. Here, resin is kept closed in capsules.

· Silicone Resin Composites

Here, there is a combination of silicone resins with other materials like fillers, fibers, etc.

· Silicone Resin Copolymers

With silicone resin copolymers, other polymer types are combined with silicone resins to get unique properties that silicone resins on their own cannot provide.

With silicone resin, each form is designed to meet every need and user method.

Comparing Silicone Resin to Silicone Rubber

Below is the comparison table of silicone resin to silicone rubber – main differences:

  1. Flexibility vs Rigidity
    • Silicone resins are ideal for rigid encapsulations and coatings because they are hard and brittle.
    • Silicone rubber on the other hand is flexible and soft. This makes it ideal for flexible molds, seals, etc.
  2. Methods of Processing
    • Silicone resins are processed in liquid or solid forms through curing and cross-linking.
    • Silicone rubber, however, is processed through curing and molding.
Material Properties for Silicone Rubber
Material Properties for Silicone Rubber
  1. Thermal Stableness
    • Silicon resins ideally come with more thermal stability. This makes them ideal for coatings of high temperature levels.
    • On the other hand, silicone rubbers thermal stableness although good, is quite low compared to silicone resins.
  2. Chemical Composition
    • Silicon resins have a network that is highly cross-linked. This leads to its rigidity.
    • Silicon rubber on the other hand has a low level of cross-linking. This leads to its elasticity and flexibility.
  3. Uses or applications
    • Silicone resins are mainly used for adhesives, coatings, electronic encapsulants, and other areas where high thermal stableness and rigidity is required.
    • Silicone rubber on the other hand is used mostly in industries and areas where durability, flexibility, and biocompatibility is required. These include gaskets, consumer products, seals, and medical devices.

Common Silicone Resin Applications

Some common silicone resin applications include:

  • Heat resistant paints
  • Heat resistant and flame retardant binders
  • Resin modification
  • Insulation coatings
  • Protective coatings like industrial, marine, and architectural coatings.
  • Electrical insulations like potting compounds, encapsulation, printed circuit boards, etc.
  • Adhesives and sealants
  • Release agents
  • Waterproofing
  • Composites
  • Printing inks
  • Cosmetic products
  • Personal care products
  • Automotive uses

FAQs

Answers must be short and to the point

How Strong is Silicone Resin?

Silicone resin offers high level of protection at constant temperatures of up to 250°C. In addition, at highest temperatures, it can withstand exposure of up to 500°C within short time periods.

How long Does Silicone Resin Last?

Silicone resin lasts in approximately 6 months. However, it can go higher based on its use and how it is used.

What is the Average Curing Time for Silicone Resin?

The average curing time for silicone resin is a minimum of 24 hours. However, with a thick sealant, it can take many days to cure.

What is Silicone Resin made of?

Silicone resin is made up of siloxane backbone and organic groups.zzzz

What is the Difference Between Silicone and Resin?

  • Silicone is a man-made synthetic polymer that’s heat-resistant, flexible, and durable.
  • Resin is a natural or synthetic material that’s hard and brittle.

Conclusion

Silicone resins are indeed a unique type of resin that can be found used in different industries all around the world. With this article, you will be able to value it more and understand its uniqueness in everyday life and for your business.

Update cookies preferences
Scroll to Top